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Confined Space Rescue
Confined space rescue involves the rescue and recovery of victims trapped in a confined space, or in a place only accessible through confined spaces, such as underground vaults, storage silos, storage tanks, or sewers.
Confined space rescues can be technically challenging due to the environment in which they occur. Confined spaces are often narrow and constricting, preventing easy access by rescuers. They are usually either unlit or poorly lit, so rescuers must provide their own light source. Finally, confined spaces often contain hazardous materials in liquid or gas form, which can be harmful or even fatal to humans.
These unique hazards create a limited window during which a rescue can be performed.
low angle rope rescue
Urban Search & Rescue
Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) involves the location, extrication, and initial medical stabilization of victims trapped in structural collapse due to natural disasters, mines and collapsed trenches. Structural collapse incidents can comprise unstable or collapsed structures in an unsafe position. Usually collapse incidents leave voids inside the debris that can result in numerous casualties trapped under large amounts of very heavy and often unstable debris.
USAR services can be faced with complex rescue operations within hazardous environment. Urban search-and-rescue is considered a multi-hazard discipline, as it may be needed for a variety of hazards including earthquakes, storms, avalanches, floods, dam failures, technological accidents, terrorist activities, and hazardous materials releases.